Egyptian. Cast of the original in the British Museum, London. 18th Dynasty (ca. 1570 - 1320 BCE).

This figure in this sculpture represents Sennefer, an 18th Dynasty figure who was the senior official concerned with the Pharoh's financial matters. 

This sculpture was dedicated at Thebes to Osiris, a god of the earth and vegetation who symbolized his death with the yearly drought and his miraculous rebirth with the periodic flooding of the Nile and the growth of grain. He was believed to have created the Egyptian civilization. Osiris was a merciful judge of the dead in the afterlife, and from the underworld also granted all life. The Kings of Egypt were associated with Osiris in death - as Osiris rose from the dead they would, in union with him, inherit eternal life. By the New Kingdom all people, not just pharaohs, were believed to be associated with Osiris at death if they paid the fees for the special rituals.

Osiris is one of the oldest Egyptian gods for whom records exist. The oldest known attestation of his name is on the Palermo Stone, a large fragment dating to around 2500 BCE.

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